The flowering dogwood tree is a small- to medium-sized deciduous tree growing between 10 and 30 ft. (5 – 10 m). Some dogwood types produce pink and yellow flowers. The distinctive feature of this small dogwood is the pinkish-white flowers with pointed white petals (bracts). Dogwood bark: Mountain dogwood tree bark is smooth and gray with patches of white. Fall leaf color on most sun grown plants will be red to maroon. The horizontal branching creates an attractive rounded crown of oval, pointed leaves. Red osier dogwood requires well-draining, rich moist soil, and grows well in full sun or partly shaded areas. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. Dogwoods grow up to 1 ft. (30 cm) a year and can reach their full height within ten years. As with all species of dogwood, the leaves have smooth margins and a pointed tip. Leaves on this dogwood species grow in an alternate leaf arrangement. Also called common dogwood, bloodtwig dogwood is a large ornamental shrub with fiery colored twigs and stems. Dogwood bark: Evergreen dogwood tree has brown-gray bark with shallow scales. Stiff dogwood is a small flowering tree or large shrub with multiple trunks. These magnificent dogwood trees grow up to 40 ft. (12 m) tall with a similar size spread. Widely cultivated as an ornamental, it is naturalized in New … Here are some of the types of small dogwood trees or shrubs. The “berries” on dogwood trees attract birds and small mammals. A phrase to help identify species with opposite leaves is MAD V: Maple, Ash, Dogwood, and Vibernum. Read this article on shrub identification of leaf, and get the different types of leaf anatomy for various shrubs. Leaf and flower blight Irregular, brown, wrinkled patches form on flower bracts and leaves in the spring. So, if you have a dogwood tree growing in your backyard and you don’t know its species, you shouldn’t consume the drupes. Diagnosing Problems of Flowering Dogwood; Flowering Dogwood Trees: Selection, Care, and Management of Disease Problems; Dogwood … The flowering dogwood leaf can grow to 5 inches in length. Flowering dogwood trees are perennial species of woody plants belonging to the genus Cornus. Dogwoods have simple, untoothed leaves with the veins curving distinctively as they approach the leaf margins. The Mountain dogwood is a medium-sized flowering tree that produces large star-shaped flowers and has broad oval leaves. As the dogwood matures, the bark becomes scaly and flaky before developing into block-like patterns. They also tend to grow in pairs on the stem. Sometimes referred to as the Chinese dogwood, this Asian cousin to our native flowering dogwood can be used as a specimen plant or in shrub borders. The masses of white flowers contrast with light green foliage to create a magnificent shade tree. Dogwoods are beautiful flowering deciduous trees and shrubs with distinctive flowers, berries, bark, and leaves. By Leaf Structure: Simple and Compound Leaves Dogwood trees burst into life when they bloom in spring with clusters of flowers. Leaves may also have necrotic veins and leaf margins, and large necrotic blotches. Descriptions and pictures of dogwoods will help identify the best trees for growing in your backyard. Dogwood leaves help to make the trees popular as ornamentals because of their colors. Flowering dogwood trees have a fast growth rate. Cornus alba 'Elegantissima' features gray-green leaves edged in … Dogwood flowers are usually white, but can also be pink or yellow. Dogwood Tree Diseases Flower and Leaf Diseases Spot Anthracnose: This infection is caused by the fungus Elsinoe corni. After flowering, evergreen dogwoods produce sweet, edible red berry-like fruits. The variegated giant dogwood tree is one of the most stunning dogwood trees for gardens. Leaf buds are black and look like bristles, forming on short stalks. However, some species of dogwood have leaves that grow alternately. Kousa dogwood (C. kousa) and hybrids of kousa and native dogwood (C. florida) are resistant to anthracnose and decline and should be used to replace dying trees. Leaves are opposite, simple, egg-shaped, 3–5 inches long, dark green, with slightly wavy edges. Some say that the leaves of roughleaf dogwood give off a sour milk scent. Flowers from stiff dogwood trees give off an unpleasant smell. Dogwood Anthracnose is caused by the fungus officially known as Discula Destructiva, and it might be helpful if I describe some of the symptoms. Gray dogwood is a large deciduous shrub that is also called northern swamp dogwood and panicle dogwood. Don’t weed whack close to the base of the tree or otherwise wound its bark, since wounds provide an entryway for the borers. During autumn the leaves turn red-purple in color. Dogwood leaves: Red twig dogwood plant leaves are ovate to lanceolate with a rounded base and smooth margins.