Other museums include the City Museum of Nanjing in the Chaotian Palace, the Oriental Metropolitan Museum,[g] the China Modern History Museum in the Presidential Palace, the Nanjing Massacre Memorial Hall, the Taiping Kingdom History Museum, Jiangning Imperial Silk Manufacturing Museum,[h] Nanjing Yunjin Museum, Nanjing City Wall Cultural Museum, Nanjing Customs Museum in Ganxi House,[i] Nanjing Astronomical History Museum, Nanjing Paleontological Museum, Nanjing Geological Museum, Nanjing Riverstones Museum, and other museums and memorials such Zheng He Memorial[j] Jinling Four Modern Calligraphers Memorial.[k]. The official told his children in Nanjing to prepare to defect to Koxinga which he himself was preparing to do. Its duck and goose dishes are well known among Chinese for centuries. The Nanjing Massacre or the Rape of Nanjing (alternately written as the Nanking Massacre or the Rape of Nanking) was an episode of mass murder and mass rape committed by Imperial Japanese troops against the residents of Nanjing (Nanking), then the capital of China, during the Second Sino-Japanese War . Lexington books. Nankin Jiken. The Japanese army swept into the ancient city of Nanking (what was then the capital of China), and within weeks, more than … In ancient times the area was known as, A small museum and tomb honoring the 15th century seafaring admiral, 100 National Key Universities are universities of. The airport is connected by a 29-kilometer (18 mi) highway directly to the city center, and is also linked to various intercity highways, making it accessible to the passengers from the surrounding cities. [43] It took 200,000 laborers 21 years to finish the wall, which was intended to defend the city and its surrounding region from coastal pirates. Its dishes tend to be light and fresh, suitable for all. See Template:Administrative divisions of Taiwan instead. Other events include Nanjing Baima Peach Blossom and Kite Festival, Jiangxin Zhou Fruit Festival and Linggu Temple Sweet Osmanthus Festival. Nanjing has many high-quality universities and research institutes, with the number of universities listed in 100 National Key Universities ranking third, including Nanjing University which has a long history and is among the world top 10 universities ranked by Nature Index. Nanjing University Library is the second largest university libraries in China after Peking University Library, and the fifth largest nationwide, especially in the number of precious collections. Nanjing is at the intersection of the Yangtze River, an east–west water transport artery, and the Nanjing–Beijing railway, a north–south land transport artery, hence the name “door of the east and west, throat of the south and north”. In 2013, Nanjing airport handled 15,011,792 passengers and 255,788.6 tonnes of freight. In 1927, the Kuomintang (KMT; Nationalist Party) under Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek again established Nanjing as the capital of the Republic of China, and this became internationally recognized once KMT forces took Beijing in 1928. [31] Assuming an average Nanjing household consisted of about 5.1 people, the city had more than 1.4 million residents. [69] It had been visited by the Kangxi and Qianlong emperors a number of times on their tours of the southern provinces. In the 1950s after PRC was established by CPC, the government invested heavily in the city to build a series of state-owned heavy industries, as part of the national plan of rapid industrialization, converting it into a heavy industry production center of east China. * Indicates this city has already occurred above. Den Protokollen der Tokioter Prozesse zufolge wurden über 200.000, anderen Schätzungen zufolge über 300.000 Zivilisten und Kriegsgefangene ermordet sowie rund 20.000 Mädchen und Frauen vergewaltigt. The invading Japanese ran over Nanking, which was the capital of China at that time, butchering at least 300,000 Chinese civilians and raping 20,000 to 80,000 women. [2002] (2002). [129] The Yangtze River's 12.5-meter-deep waterway enables 50,000-ton-class ocean ships directly arrive at the Nanjing Port, and the ocean ships with the capacities of 100,000 tons or above can also reach the port after load reduction in the Yangtze River's high-tide period. Its reserves of strontium rank first in East Asia and the South East Asia region. (Buch (gebunden)) - portofrei bei eBook.de The first emperor of the Ming dynasty, Zhu Yuanzhang (the Hongwu Emperor), who overthrew the Yuan dynasty, renamed the city Yingtian (應天), rebuilt it, and made it the dynastic capital in 1368. On its western boundary is Anhui, where Nanjing borders five prefecture-level cities: Chuzhou to the northwest, Wuhu, Chaohu and Ma'anshan to the west and Xuancheng to the southwest.[80]. History textbooks were reworded to describe the Sino-Japanese War as "advancing in and out of China" instead of "aggression" which was deemed to be a more pejorative term. [11] Nanjing is also considered a Global City with a "Beta" classification, together with Chongqing, Hangzhou and Tianjin according to GaWC[12] ,and ranked as one of the world's top 100 cities in the Global Financial Centres Index.[13]. A number of huge department stores such as Zhongyang Shangchang sprouted up, attracting merchants from all over China to sell their products in Nanjing. Smith, and Sharp have established their lines, and a number of multinationals such as Ford, IBM, Lucent, Samsung and SAP established research center there. The Rape of Nanking is one of the most brutal acts of 20th-century genocides of world history that took place in December of 1937. The Nanking Massacre was an episode of mass rape and murder committed by the Japanese troops against the residents of Nanking, then the capital of the Republic of China during the Second Sino-Japanese War. Jiankang's textile industry burgeoned and thrived during the Song despite the constant threat of foreign invasions from the north by the Jurchen-led Jin dynasty. Nanjing is connected to the national high-speed railway network by Beijing–Shanghai High-Speed Railway and Shanghai–Wuhan–Chengdu Passenger Dedicated Line, with several more high-speed rail lines under construction. When was Nanjing founded? [92] On 3 December 2013, levels of PM2.5 particulate matter average over 943 micrograms per cubic meter,[93] falling to over 338 micrograms per cubic meter on 4 December 2013. Several place names in Nanjing remains witnessed them, such as Wangjinshi (网巾市, the market sells wangjin), Guyilang (估衣廊, the corridor for garments bargain), Youfangqiao (油坊桥, the bridge near an oil mill). [4] Official statistics in 2011 estimated the city's population to be 8.11 million. It has many important heritage sites, including the Presidential Palace and Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum. Nanjing (listen), alternatively romanized as Nanking and Nankin,[6] is the capital of Jiangsu province of the People's Republic of China and the second largest city in the East China region,[c] with 11 districts, Nanjing has an administrative area of 6,600 km2 (2,500 sq mi) and a total population of 8,505,500 as of 2019[update]. Private universities and colleges, such as Communication University of China, Nanjing and Hopkins-Nanjing Center are also located in the city. 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